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Digital and Print Journalism

Course Objective:

The National Diploma in Journalism (Multi-media) is the pre-workplace qualification for
employment in professional journalism. Holders of this qualification are recognised by
industry as having the newsroom entry level skills necessary to work in their chosen area of specialisation, which may be magazine, newspaper, radio, television, or internet.

Graduates are able to gather information and write news stories for publication and
broadcast in accordance with the minimum standards for professional journalism and to
meet the publishable standard. The range of topics for the stories includes: local
government activities; court reporting; current events; Māoridom; and numerics and
statistics. They have an understanding of media law and ethics and are able to produce
photographs from news and internet assignments.

Other skills they may have selected from the elective section, depending on their
specialisation, include: design and layout; writing about diversity; writing for broadcast on radio or television; feature writing; producing photographs and slide shows; and video packages or news story editing for posting on the internet.

Course Outline:

Outline of syllabus for Diploma in Mass Media

1 Introduction to Communication
2 Print Journalism
3 Radio Journalism
4 TV Journalism
5 Online Journalism
6 Advertising
7 Public Relations
8 Current Affairs
9 Internship
10 Visits to Media Institutes and Social Institutes
11 Experimental Journal

1) Introduction to Communication

1. Key concepts in communication: types and basic models of communication; key issues in
mass communication: concept of mass, characteristics of mass communication, effects of
mass communication: short term, long term

2. Evolution of mass media: technological, economic, political development; role of mass
media in a democracy, public opinion, social change and development, culture.

3. Media content processes: media content formats (genre), news as a genre, Gatekeeping,
effects of organisational structure on journalistic content; mass communication as an
academic discipline

4. Mass Media in democracy: controls on mass media- self-control, internal control, advertiser
control, source control, public control, government control, laws governing mass media

5. Mass Media Ethics: individual’s right to privacy, right to reply, objectivity,
sensationalism/yellow journalism, investigative journalism, role of press/media councils
(No Internal Assessment for this paper)

2) Print Journalism

1. Newspaper: structure and working of a newspaper office, functioning of editorial department,
content of newspapers
2. Sub-editor: need for editing, proof-reading, editing different copies
3. Copy and schedule: style, writing lead, headline, deadlines
4. Newspaper design: functions, basic elements, page layout
5. Feature writing: types of features, sources and ideas, writing style
6. News reporting and writing: inverted pyramid, focus, lead, quoting sources, style (more discussion on news in related modules- Radio Journalism – Module 2 and TV Journalism- Module 3)

Internal Assessment (50 marks): 2-3 translation and editing exercises, reporting assignments: 2- 3 of different types, writing features: 2-3 of different types

3) Radio Journalism
1. Understanding the medium: invention and development, strengths and weaknesses of the medium, production and transmission technology
2. Understanding news: definition of news, purpose, importance; rights and responsibilities of a reporter
3. Radio news reporting: skills of a radio news reporter, interview skills, sound recording and editing, anchoring and news reading skills
4. Writing radio news: characteristics of radio writing style; rewriting news to suit brevity and clarity in radio news, editing news, types of leads; writing headlines
5. Compiling a bulletin: types of bulletins: local to international, editing news for different bulletins; using voice-dispatches and other elements in a bulletin; sequencing, updating etc.
6. Other formats: radio report, newsreel, features, documentaries; phone-in programmes.

Internal assessment (25 marks): Listening and evaluating a news bulletin, writing and compiling a bulletin, Radio news presentation, interview exercise etc.

4) TV Journalism
1. Understanding the medium: invention and development, strengths and weaknesses of the medium, production and transmission technology
2. Visual language: camera shots and angles for news coverage, types of ENG cameras,understanding use of sound, light and colour in TV newsgathering
3. Understanding news: news sense, news values, news sources, cultivating sources, 5 Ws and 1 H, news beats
4. TV news reporting: skills of a TV reporter: information gathering and processing, soundbytes, piece-to-camera, interview skills, meeting deadline, use of technology
5. Writing and editing TV news: TV writing style: words vs visuals, writing in ‘aural’ style, content of news, anchor script, voice over script
6. News presentation: structure of a news bulletin, compilation, live feed, qualities of news anchor
Internal assessment (25 marks): Watching and evaluating news bulletins, planning visuals for news stories, basic camera operations, PTC or news reading exercise

5) Online Journalism
1. Internet: nature, features, history, spread, knowledge society, convergence
2. Online Journalism: Internet editions, e-newspaper, HTML, content management system,
online tools for texts, links, photos etc.
3. Multimedia: tools, story development and news updates, writing in appropriate style,
podcast, webcast
4. Open source journalism: response to audience, citizen journalism, verification, accuracy,
5. Social media: dynamics, strengths, weaknesses, use for marketing and advertising
6. Laws and Ethics: cyber crimes, laws, ICT policy
Internal Assessment (25 marks): running a blog, analysis of web editions of newspapers,websites of news channels, using multi-media tools etc.

6) Advertising
1. Advertising industry in India: size, major ad agencies and campaigns, social and cultural context of Indian advertising, advertising ethics and social responsibility
2. Advertising as Marketing Communication: role in marketing mix, different advertising media and their comparative strengths and weaknesses, media planning
3. Types of advertising: consumer, industrial, financial, corporate, social service etc. Brand Image and its importance, importance of brand building in advertising
4. Advertising Planning and execution: structure of an ad agency, research inputs for
advertising strategy, development of an ad from concept to release
5. Copywriting: use of different appeals in ads, types of headlines and body copy, slogans; writing copy for different media: print, radio, TV, Internet, transit media etc.
Internal Assessment (25 marks): Quiz on advertising, scrap book of ads, analysing social effects of ads, study of an ad agency, copywriting exercises: writing headlines, slogans, body copy etc.

7) Public Relations
1. Understanding PR: definitions, purpose and utility; difference between PR, advertising and propaganda; status of PR in India

2. Role of PR in different sectors: government, corporate, defence establishments, educational institutions, hospitals, individuals, political parties, NGOs etc.

3. Types of PR: Internal/external, publics of PR, communication audit; qualities required of a PR professional, role and responsibilities of PR professional; in-house PR department, PR consultancy

4. PR Tools: Internal: house journals, bulletin boards, events, mailing groups, social
networking sites; External: exhibitions, trade fairs, external journals, media publicity,
programmes and events, CSR projects; PR during crisis: some recent case studies

5. Media Relations as a PR function: importance of media publicity in PR; necessity and ways of building and maintaining media relations, organizing press conferences and visits; writing press releases and arranging other publicity material (audio, video, CDs, etc.)
Internal assessment (25 marks): Preparing a PR plan for an organisation, evaluating media publicity given to various organisations, writing Press Releases etc.

8) Current Affairs
1. Post-independence history of India: political parties, politics of alliance, rise of regional parties; economic development: five year plans, green revolution, agriculture, rise of service sector, IT boom; social problems: communalism, terrorism etc.

2. Uganda and its neighbouring countries: mutual relations, changing equations, threats and opportunities

3. International affairs: India at the world stage, globalisation, India as an emerging
superpower; major international organisations: their role and limitations

4. Recent developments in the course period: background and analysis of all events in sports, culture, science and technology, politics, industry, agriculture etc.
Internal Assessment (25 marks): Group discussions, presentations, quiz, objective type test, clippings file etc.

Internal Assessment

9. Internship (Marks: 25)
This internship has to be done before end of the course. In any case the Internship should be over
minimum 15 days before the final exam and a written report of 1000 words be submitted minimum 10 days before the final exam.
Internship may be done in any organisation related to subjects no. 2 to 7 in the syllabus. The minimum requirement is 60 hours of work for 15 days @four hours a day.
Marks will be awarded on the basis of performance grade awarded by newspaper authority, written report submitted by student, amount of work done during internship, regularity in work etc.

10. Visits to Media Institutes and Social Organisations (Marks: 25)
At least five visits (three different media institutes and two to social organisations) must be organised which are marked for 5 marks each. Marks will be given on the basis of student’s performance during the visit and report/test about the place visited.

11. Experimental Journal (Marks: 50)
Each student must be involved in the production of at least two experimental journals, wherein the student gets the opportunity to work as a reporter, sub-editor and feature writer. Each institute may decide the size and frequency of the journal. Minimum 60% content of the experimental journal should be news based.
Each student should also submit two individual newspaper issues (at least two pages of A4 size) wherein each student has to be involved in all aspects of newspaper production.

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Duration 1 or 2 Years
Awarding Type Certificate/Diploma

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